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Biofuel

The industry has shown significant growth in Mississippi. In 2010, KiOR announced the development of 5 commercial plants in Mississippi, with an investment of $500 million and the creation of at least 1,000 jobs. Also in 2010, BlueFire Renewables received the final permits to begin construction on a $300 million ethanol biorefinery in Fulton, MS.

Mississippi was ranked among the top 5 states in the nation for potential biomass energy by Forbes (2008). Mississippi has nearly 720 million dry tons of standing biomass with 18 million dry tons added each year. Mississippi has 19.6 million acres of timberland with 61% allocated to commercial forests. Timber and wood products are the #2 agricultural product of the state.

The TAP Alliance Region has over 548,000 forested acres. The majority of this land (around 78%) is privately owned.

The TAP Alliance region produced over 12,000 acres of corn and 27,000 acres of soybeans. The 2007 Census of Agriculture shows little change from the 2002 acreage used to produce these crops.

Biofuels research is ongoing at several major universities and technology transfer is promoted through institutes and centers. This research supports the development of technologies that may be transferred to bioenergy companies.

Transportation is quick and easy. Transportation of products is possible via 4-lane highways, barge, and rail lines.

Alternative Energy Companies in Mississippi

  • Alternative Energy Solutions, LLC – Biloxi
  • Associated Physics of America, LLC – Greenwood
  • BlueFire Renewables – Fulton
  • Brinson Farms (Eagle Green Energy) – Prentiss
  • Bunge-Ergon – Vicksburg
  • Calisolar – Columbus
  • CFC Transportation – Columbus
  • Channel Chemical Corporation – Gulfport
  • Elevance Renewable Sciences Inc. – Natchez
  • Enerkem Corp. – Pontotoc
  • Enviva Pellets (formerly CKS Energy) – Amory
  • Enviva Pellets (formerly Piney Woods) – Wiggins
  • Green Plains Renewable Energy Inc./Blendstar – Mount Olive
  • GreenLight Biofuels, LLC – Meridian
  • HCL Clean Tech – Olive Branch, Grenada, Booneville, Hattiesburg, and Natchez
  • II-VI (Wide Bandgap Materials division) – Starkville
  • KiOR – Columbus, Newton, and a third location TBD
  • Limerick Energy – Greenville
  • McLan Electronics, Inc. – Jackson
  • Mills Dairy (Quinton) – Forrest
  • Mississippi Solar, LLC – Philadelphia
  • Quantum International/Center for Environment, Commerce, and Energy – Lorman
  • North Mississippi Biodiesel – New Albany
  • Scott Petroleum Co. – Greenville
  • SemiSouth Laboratories – Starkville
  • Shafer Family Farm – Osyka
  • Stion – Hattiesburg
  • Twin Creeks Technologies – Senatobia

View a map of solar energy and biomass companies in Mississippi.

Timber Inventory for TAP Region

Data provided by the Mississippi Institute for Forest Inventory. View a map of landcover in Mississippi

Alcorn County Timber Inventory

Species GroupAcresPulpwood VolumeSawtimber VolumeSampling Error
Pine35,188156,071107,80223.3%
Mixed pine-hardwood15,31726,349110,02686.3%
Hardwood86,489380,158874,16519.1%
Forested165,479562,5791,091,99317.3%

Prentiss County Timber Inventory

Species GroupAcresPulpwood VolumeSawtimber VolumeSampling Error
Pine42,820232,639233,99944.0%
Mixed pine-hardwood19,285131,528142,19545.7%
Hardwood77,563648,869852,83727.7%
Forested 166,0481,013,0371,229,03121.6%

Tishomingo County Timber Inventory

Species GroupAcresPulpwood VolumeSawtimber VolumeSampling Error
Pine62,383321,711297,39557.8%
Mixed pine-hardwood26,06991,616139,56366.7%
Hardwood100,3661,072,5781,014,25223.8%
Forested217,0931,515,9041,451,21121.7%

Ownership of Forested Acreage in TAP Region

CountyPrivateForest IndustryFederal GovernmentState and Local Government
Alcorn82%17%N/A1%
Prentiss98%N/A1%1%
Tishomingo56%6%35%3%

Corn and Soybean Production in the TAP Region

Data from the 2007 USDA Census of Agriculture

CountyCorn for Grain (Acres)Soybeans for Beans (Acres)
Alcorn9,46010,199
Prentiss1,91015,581
Tishomingo1,3701,250
Total12,74027,030

Transportation

US Highways and Interstates

US Highway 72 (east-west) and US Highway 45 (north-south) are four-lane highways running through the TAP Alliance region. Future Interstate 22 is accessible from Tupelo (50 miles) and connects I-240 and I-40 with I-65 and I-20. Interstates 55, 22, and 40 are accessible from Memphis, approximately 110 miles from the TAP region. Several state highways serve the TAP Alliance region.

View map of highways in North Mississippi (365 KB, PDF)

Ports

Water transportation is available via the Tennessee River and Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway (TTW). Yellow Creek Port on the TTW is near Iuka in Tishomingo County. This port is equipped with 200-ton capacity cranes, warehouse, as well as truck and rail facilities. It is a designated Foreign Trade Subzone and a federal HUBZone. The Port of Itawamba also serves the TTW. Located 50 miles from the edge of the TAP Alliance, it has truck and rail facilities, warehouses, conveyor, 60-ton crane, and also provides cargo handling and logistical support.

View a map of ports along the Tenn-Tom Waterway in the TAP Alliance (1.2 MB, PDF)

Railroads

Rail lines serving the TAP Alliance region include Norfolk-Southern Railroad main line and 4 short lines: Kansas City Southern, Yellow Creek Port, Tishomingo Railroad, and Redmont.

View a map of rail lines serving the TAP Alliance region (1.8 MB, PDF).

Research and Development/Technology Transfer

Sustainable Energy Research Center, Mississippi State University (MSU) – Starkville, MS

At the leading edge of research and development in biofuels and bioenergy, “Mississippi State University”:http://www.msstate.edu is located 122 miles from the TAP Alliance.

The Sustainable Energy Research Center coordinates research among the different disciplines at the university related to bioenergy and biofuels to develop an integrated interdisciplinary approach. This research focuses on the development of sustainable energy sources based on biomass in the southern United States.

This research includes

  • lignocellulosic conversion
  • bio-oil
  • biofuels production processes
  • supply and costs evaluation
  • supply chain management
  • feedstock harvesting, properties, and handling
  • effect of environmental factors on bioenergy crops
  • social and economic policies

View a detailed list of ongoing research at the SERC

Additional programs and facilities include

  • Annual Biofuels Conference
  • Biofuel test pilot facility in the Thad Cochran Research, Technology, and Economic Development Park

University of Mississippi – Department of Chemical Engineering

The Department of Chemical Engineering at Ole Miss, 91 miles from the TAP Alliance, is researching the conversion of biomass to cellulosic ethanol and biodiesel and partners with private companies.

Ongoing research includes

  • methanogenesis of fermentation byproducts
  • study of novel microbial sources
  • improving lignin extraction
  • interaction of conditioning and pretreatment
  • liberation of sugars in grasses

Mississippi Technology Alliance

The Strategic Biomass Solutions program of the Mississippi Technology Alliance promotes biomass research and development and commercialization in Mississippi. The MTA provides support to businesses, investors, and economic development agencies.

Mississippi Biomass and Renewable Energy Council

By providing resources and information, the Council seeks to promote public-private partnerships and collaboration for economic development based on biomass and renewable energy.

Other projects

View a map of renewable energy and energy efficiency projects in Mississippi

Financial Incentives Specific to the Biofuel Industry

Mississippi Clean Energy Initiative Program

Companies that qualify as clean energy manufacturing may receive tax exemptions of

  • 10-year exemption from state income and franchise tax
  • sales and use tax exemption to set up a plant or expand an existing facility

Requirements include

  • Minimum $50-million investment
  • Creation of 250 full-time jobs

Learn more about this tax credit.

Mississippi offers a variety of tax incentives, grants and loans for business and industry. View a listing of more incentives.

website by Kathy Jacobs Design & Marketing LLC, Starkville, MS